Types of Victorian Antique Christmas Houses

Terry Hurley
Christmas house

For many people Victorian antique Christmas houses bring back fond memories of Christmases past when many families displayed miniature holiday villages underneath their yuletide tree.

Christmas Putzes

From its early beginnings in the communities of the Moravian Dutch settlers of Pennsylvania, to the elaborate winter villages popular in the 1950s and 1960s, miniature holiday scenes have captivated the imaginations of young and old alike.

Each holiday scene is known as a putz and comes from the German word putzen which means to place or to put. Other popular names for these tiny holiday towns include Christmas Gardens and Train Gardens.

The 1920s Introduction of Japanese Manufactured Christmas Houses

Prior to the late1920s putz houses were homemade, crafted from paper, wood or cardboard. In the latter part of the decade, cardboard boxes shaped as tiny Victorian houses and log cabins were placed under the Christmas tree holding holiday candy.

The first known Japanese pasteboard houses were imported in 1928. These adorable little buildings were sold in Sears & Roebuck and Montgomery and Ward catalogs and F.W. Woolworth 5 & 10 cent stores.

Victorian Antique Christmas Houses Through the Years

From 1928 to the beginning of World War II Japanese pasteboard Christmas houses were made in several styles and designs. Throughout those years Victorian houses always remained a popular style.

The following are the different types of pasteboard houses.

  • Lithograph print 1928 -1930: These houses had sides in plain colors with lithographed masonry work around the windows and doors or lithographed brick. A hand painted snowy roof appears to sparkle from the effect of glitter with glitter.
  • Gloss Tops 1930 -1933: Lacquered roofs painted over to look like snow. The walls are generally solid color.
  • Candy Boxes - 1930 - 1934: Made with a base and a yard, these little houses were much different then the box houses of the early 1900s
  • Shellac 1928 - 1932: Houses coated with shellac.
  • Coconuts 1931 - 1936: Covered with cellophane that was finely shredded
  • From the mid 1930s to the beginning of WW II houses were made in very bright colors and had cardboard sides that resembled stucco. These are sometimes referred to as Haciendas.

Resources for Antique Miniature Christmas Houses

Antoinette Stockenberg

Another wonderful and magical website with a spectacular collections and display of antique Christmas houses belongs to novelist Antoinette Stockenberg. Ms Stockenberg began her hobby of collecting Japanese made pre World War II putz houses, including many fabulous examples of Victorian miniature houses. Creating her miniature worlds on the mantels in her home, her displays are complete with appropriate accessories for the period, bottle brush tress and antique German lead flats, called zinnfiguren. These are the tiny figures that make up the people and animals of a Christmas village.

Victorian Antique Christmas Houses Online

Antique Victorian Christmas houses are found on many online auction websites and antique stores.

Conclusion

From its early days as a dime store Christmas decoration to becoming a highly sought after antique collectible, Victorian antique Christmas houses are tiny treasures from years gone by..

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Types of Victorian Antique Christmas Houses